Dogs differ greatly in their morphological characteristics including various tail phenotypes. Congenitally short-tailed dogs are present in many breeds. The short-tail phenotype includes either a complete lack of vertebrae or a short tail with variable length. A mutation that causes short tail in some breeds can also affect some other properties of the dog. Pembroke Welsh Corgi with homozygous mutation for short tail having severe anatomical defects. In some breeds decrease in the litter size have also be observed.
In some breeds characterized by naturally occurring short-tail, the mutation has not been found. That sway we do not recommend this test for identification of natural short tail in following breeds: Boston terrier, English bulldog, King Charles spaniel, Miniature Schnauzer, Parson Russell Terrier and Rottweiler
Inheritance: autosomal dominant - read more
Genetic test: Disease or carrier can be identified by genetic testing at any age. The PCR method used for testing is extremely accurate and allows complete differentiation between affected animals, carriers and healthy dogs.
Disease control: read more
Affected breeds: Australian Shepherd, Austrian Pinscher, Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog, Bourbonnais Pointer, Brazilian Terrier, Brittany Spaniel, Croatian Sheepdog, Danish/Swedish Farmdog, Jack Russel Terrier, Karelian Bear Dog, Mudi, Pembroke Welsh corgi, Polish Lowland Sheepdog, Pyrenean Shepherd, Schipperke, Spanish Waterdog, Swedish Vallhund.
Sample: EDTA whole blood (1.0 ml) or buccal swabs. Detailed information about sampling can be found here.